What You Need to Know About Intravenous Therapy


20 Nov

It sometimes happens you need medication faster into your body and the only way it gets there in time is to use a needle to foster the medicine in form of liquid into the body. The common infusions include amino acids, vitamins and minerals to help activate processes that have slowed down in the body. This is what is called iv hydration therapy.

Purposes of IV Therapy.

They are used to maintain or restore fluid and electrolyte as well as administer chemotherapy for patients ailing from cancer. The process can also be useful when infusing any other medication and nutritional feedings. 

Types of Access.

There are ways through which one can access the system when administering the liquids, medications and electrolytes.

Peripheral Lines.

This is the most common kind of access that involves administration by way of veins that are found in the arms, legs, feet and scalp veins for infants. They are common in hospitals and pre-hospital services. The tips for finding veins include feeling how smooth the veins are and how well spaced the valves can be. You also have to ensure you start with the distal veins working proximally.

Central Line.

These lines have their catheters deep into a larger vein which can be a vena cava or even the right atrium that connects to the heart. Since they have a larger diameter, those drugs that can irritate blood vessels are administered here like chemotherapy drugs. They are advantageous because they easily distribute the medicine to the rest of the body.

Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter.

These ones are used in cases where the infusion is predicted to take longer and is deemed to destroy the peripheral IV lines. They may also be used when using the central lines turns out to be dangerous. Its inserted through the arm upward until it reaches deep into the vena cava or right atrium. It works best for cases of chemotherapy drug administration, iv therapy and parenteral nutrition which has high glucose content.

Patients Information.

Before you make any administration, you have to consider the patient's medical diagnosis and history, any reactions that may bring up complications, assess both hands and decide whether they will be going home with the catheter among other considerations.

Conclusion.

There are six rights in the IV administration, it should be done for the right patient using the right drug in the right dosage and at the right timing. Use the right route and make the right documentations. Read more about iv therapy at this website https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/intravenous+infusion.

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